What You Should Know About Sewage Backup
Sanitation is another of man’s most basic necessities, equal in importance to food, shelter, and clothing. Without proper sanitation, man gets afflicted with various diseases ranging from discomforting to outright deadly. One way we put our health at risk is by taking sewage backup for granted when it happens. Here are the things you need to know about this big plumbing problem.
Sewage backup is the reverse flow of sewage from drains. The drain pipes leading out of your house are connected to a network of pipelines located underground, known as municipal pipelines, which carry all raw waste from homes to a wastewater treatment facility to indirectly keep your community clean. Thus, a possible cause of this problem is the breakdown of the drain system in your area.
The drain system of your area can break down when it gets clogged by various agents, like debris and tree roots. Your local government usually fixes this at the first sign that this is about to happen.
Another reason why sewage backs up is because of the blockage of any lateral pipelines connecting all pipelines of your home to the primary sewer network in your area. Like the above, they get clogged when enough debris get there, and since the local government does not fix these lateral pipelines, you might want to abstain from dumping any solid matter down drains and sinks. Pouring chemical drain cleaners once a month is also advised.
It is also worth noting that there is usually a big chamber in this line, particularly at the point before it joins the primary sewer line. This serves to minimise the damaging effects of a backup. Make sure that this chamber is also clean and debris-free.
The third (and most common) reason why sewage backs up is the clogging of pipes in the home. Like the above, not dumping solids down the drains helps prevent this problem from happening, but if you want to make sure that no solid goes down into any drain, place a number of metal meshes over them.
Taking Care of the Backup
Fixing sewage backup yourself is disgusting and puts you at risk of disease. Thus, it is best left to reputed, well-equipped, and
licensed plumbers. This does not mean, however, that you should call a plumber right away the moment you see your sewage start backing up. Before getting the phone, switch off all taps and showers, then open every door and window to let the bad smell out.